Looking Southwest, late 1970s
RL Baldwin, who started his eponymous department store on West Main St. in 1911, built this house around 1910. The stately Neoclassical revival house features Renaissance revival and Mediteranean elements, with one of several tile roofs nearby.
The Baldwins' daughter and son-in-law lived in the house following her parents. While it was renovated in the late 1970s, the house was evidently heavily damaged or destroyed by fire, probably in the 1980s, and torn down.
Looking west-southwest, 01.30.08.
Thursday, January 31, 2008
Wednesday, January 30, 2008
Looking west, late 1970s.
Yancey Milburn built this Neoclassical Revival house in the early 1920s for himself and his wife. Milburn was the manager and architect for the architecture firm Milburn and Heister, which designed many of Durham's most notable buildings, including the Carolina Theater, the transformation of the old city high school into city hall, Union Station, the Alexander Motor Company, the First National Bank Building, the Durham County Courthouse, and (possibly) Fire Station #1 on Mangum St.
Later occupants included the Lloyd, Leggett, Henry, and Comans families, who added a wing to the rear of the house.
Looking southwest, 01.27.08
Tuesday, January 29, 2008
Looking northeast, late 1970s.
How did this Craftsman bungalow end up on one corner of the Stagg (Greystone) property? Per the Historic Inventory, when Stagg's daughter married JL Hackney, Stagg moved an existing two story house that had built at the turn-of-the-20th century off of this corner - to 914 Shepherd St. - and had this house built for the couple.
It still stands today, albeit at the entrance to the Durham Freeway rather than the quiet little Parker St. which ran down the hill to a low-lying intersection with Duke St. before the Freeway was built.
Looking southeast, 01.27.08
Monday, January 28, 2008
Looking northeast, 01.05.67
The four Craftsman-style houses at the northeast corner of Parker and Vickers (two on Parker and two on Vickers) remain essentially unchanged from the view of this corner in 1967. However, the major change occurred immediately to the northeast of these houses, and the Durham Freeway was contructed just behind them beginning in June of 1967.
Looking northeast, 01.27.08
The major visible change is in the re-routing of Vickers that occurred with the Freeway construction - notice in the top picture that Vickers heads straight north (and south). In the present day photo, Vickers no longer connects with its northern remnant, but turns to connect with Gregson Street. This converted Vickers from a minor two-way neighborhood connector to a one-way thoroughfare, significantly altering the character of the neighborhood.
Saturday, January 26, 2008
Thanks to John Schelp for alerting me and others that the owner of 1704 W. Markham Ave., who is intent on getting rid of the historic house currently in his way, is willing pay someone $5000 to move the house off the lot (the house is free.) As reviewed before, our city policy is that it is unnecessary to have policy that protects any property in Durham from demolition. The maximum protection is a 1 year delay that can be enacted by the Historic Preservation Commission (a city commission much like the planning commission) for properties in local historic districts.
This contributing structure in the Trinity Heights Local Historic District received this one year stay of execution, which did not dissuade the owner.
As a last resort, I'd much prefer to see the house moved than destroyed - ideally within Trinity Heights, as it is part of what makes them a historic district. Here is the text forwarded by John.
"Folks, now is your opportunity to own a part of Durham
You can have the Tate House for free if you move it
from its current location at 1704 West Markham Street.
In February 2007, the Historic Preservation Commission
approved the demolition of the yellow house behind
Dollar General -- with a 365 day delay. According to
Steve Cruse, City of Durham, 1704 Markham is being
prepared for demolition as early as February 12.
I spoke with the current owner yesterday. Jeff Monsein
is offering the house for free to someone willing to
move it. He'll also write you a $5000 check to help
defray the costs of moving the house. He is asking for
a firm commitment by Friday, February 8.
If you are interested, and if you have an empty
parcel, please email Carrie Mowry at Preservation
Durham at email@example.com as soon as you
get the chance.
Here's some background on the Tate House at 1704 West
Markham in Trinity Heights...
I understand that library records indicate the house
was built in the early 1920s. (It might be older.)
The fist occupant was W.G. Tate, who worked at
Imperial Life Insurance. From 1955 and 1956 Erwin
Mills supervisor William Bumpass and his wife Imogene
lived there. From 1957 to 1958, Erwin Mills tech
worker Herman J. Reid and his wife Claudia lived in
the house. In 1959, Erwin Mill assistant overseer
Robert Holder and his wife Virginia lived there. Since
then, a number of Duke faculty and others have lived
in the house across from the East Campus wall."
There have been a lot of interesting stories floating around this week; I haven't had time to highlight them along the way, but they are worth mentioning with a bit of delay.
I'm excited that this weekend the folks at Uplift East Durham and Preservation Durham are teaming up to do a tour of some East Durham houses and help introduce people to a neighborhood that, despite NIS teardowns, retains a wonderful stock of historic houses and its once-separate-village feel when you walk down Driver St. to the old commercial district. It is an urban gem, and no group has done more than Uplift to emphasize that it is a beautiful part of our Durham just as much as anything on the west or north sides. Kudos goes to Jim Wise for publicizing the event in the N&O. More details at Uplift East Durham's website
The city council may have learned a bit about the pitfalls of land transfers without public communication, as several council members expressed displeasure at DHA for springing the need to receive immediate options on city owned parcels on Morning Glory Ave. in order to qualify for funds, but that didn't stop the council from resounding approval. The logic of some on the dais was that DHA would need to seek approval for rezoning, which is a dodge - it essentially requires the public to fight against density rather than the wisdom of the use. It is yet another multi-unit (20 in this case) complex for 'special-needs' homeless folks - one would hope that DHA would be carefully planning the placement of such units given their huge investment and radical facelift across the street, but I'm not confident. I can confidently say that assurances that neighbors support the project are b.s. - only one person I spoke to yesterday had even heard about it. It still seems like we don't hear enough about DHA getting land near councilmembers' houses in Hope Valley.
At the other end of the socioeconomic spectrum, the city made a wise choice to approve the Crossmans' plans for a B&B in the former King's Daughters home on North Buchanan. It was refreshing to see the gated community kookiness of a some TP residents did not rule the day this time, and crazy demands for valet parking and the like were brushed off. It's really the best adaptive reuse of this large historic structure.
The N&O has two excellent articles today - one on under appreciated civil rights photographer Alex Rivera, whose photographs are showing at the NC Museum of History. I mentioned Mr. Rivera last Monday in my MLK post, and the short-sightedness of North Carolina Central in continuing to push to tear down his house across from the campus.
The second article is about the success of light rail thus far in Charlotte. Why groups like Locke and Reason have a particular froth-at-the-mouth obsession with rail over say, defense spending or sub-prime mortgages is beyond me, but the story in the N&O points out, once again, that people not only ride rail, but because it is a fixed guideway (and not perceived as a noxious addition) it promotes economic investment. We've known this about rail for at least 150 years. I'll reiterate my push for an iterative rail system. Let's start in Durham with 2-3 cars, running between the aforementioned Angier + Driver and Ninth (or Duke Hospital, better yet) during some peak hours and special events. If it's successful (and it would be, as long as it wasn't gross mismanaged) build on success.
at 10:59 AM
Friday, January 25, 2008
I have a particular obsession with what I've referred to as 'urban tombstones' before - stairs, curb-cuts, low walls, etc. - the remnants of an old house that persist long after the house is gone.
In that vein, I've had a longstanding obsession with the empty lot, and accompanying stairs/wall, at the southeast corner of Morehead Ave. and Vickers Ave. The only clues I've had as to the house that stood there were outlines on Sanborn maps and a fuzzy aerial shot.
Fortuitously, I found a picture last week.
Looking southeast from Morehead and Vickers, 11.11.68
(Courtesy Herald Sun)
A slightly different view, looking southeast from Morehead and Vickers, 11.11.68
(Courtesy Herald Sun)
Searching the city directories, this house was owned by an HL Beal during the 1920s-30s and a Jennings Family during the 1950s. I don't have any more information about the families who lived here, but it appears that the house was torn down sometime during the 1960s.
Looking southeast from Morehead and Vickers, 1.1.08
Thursday, January 24, 2008
The property at the northwest corner of Morehead Avenue and Vickers was originally occupied by Mrs. WH Berry, who, when James Cobb bought her property in the mid 1910s, moved her house to 713 Parker St.
Cobb worked for as an executive for Liggett and Myers; like Stagg and George Watts Hill, he built his new home in Morehead Hills reasonable proximity to the Liggett (formerly Duke) factory.
Looking north from across Morehead Ave., 1944
Per the Historic Inventory, the Toms family lived in the house as well; Toms was also affiliated with Liggett. The importance of the two families to the tobacco company is probably best exemplified by the existence of a "Cobb Warehouse" and a "Toms Warehouse" amongst the Liggett buildings.
If you can block out the wrecked car in the foreground, a view of the front of the house, 01.14.56.
(As an aside, notice the old street signposts - the white obelisk on the corner. These white posts with black vertical letters for the street name parallel to the face were the ubiquitous form of neighorhood street sign in Durham until the latter half of the 20th century. I only know of one still in existence.)
Morehead Manor, late 1970s.
The house was renovated and converted into a Bed and Breakfast several years ago, called Morehead Manor.
Looking west, 01.01.08
Wednesday, January 23, 2008
Victor Bryant House, late 1970s.
Victor Bryant Jr. House, late 1970s.
Victor Bryant, a prominent lawyer in Durham and one-time city attorney, had the large house at the top of the post constructed by well-known Durham contractor Norman Underwood between 1911 and 1915. The property originally took up the entire block and included servants quarters and stables at the rear of the property.
Between 1925 and 1930, his son, Victor Bryant, Jr. (also an attorney) constructed a Colonial Revival house on the southeast portion of the property, facing Vickers Ave.
Both houses were converted to joint institutional use in the 1970s - first as Structure House, a diet center, and most recently as Learning Services, a rehab facility for individuals with brain injuries.
Victor Bryant House, looking south from Morehead Ave., 01.01.08
Victor Bryant, Jr. house, looking northwest from Vickers Ave., 01.01.08
Tuesday, January 22, 2008
Foushee House, June 6, 1956, looking southwest.
The Foushee House, also known as "The Terraces", was built for Judge Howard Foushee between 1911 and 1915. The house was designed by Philadelphia architect Samuel Linton Leary, who moved to Durham in 1890 to design the Washington Duke building at Trinity College (which later burned) and St. Jospeh's AME. Leary's own house was located on Cleveland St.
Foushee was a partner in the law firm Foushee and Foushee, and was a city attorney, a county attorney, a NC house representative, a NC senator, and a Superior Court judge. The house was known as "The Terraces" due to the terraced yard sloping downwards to Vickers Ave - the original front entrance to the house.
In 1960, the house was occupied by the Carmelite Order for one year; in 1961, the house became the home to Allied Arts (later the Durham Arts Council) after they vacated Harwood Hall.
Foushee house as the home to Allied Arts, 1960s.
The house later became home to the YWCA after their original building was torn down around 1970. Per the Historic Inventory, much of the original grandeur of the house was lost during the transition to institutional use.
Today, the house is home to Camelot Academy a small K-12 private school which acquired the house in 1990.
Looking southwest from Vickers and Proctor 01.01.08
Monday, January 21, 2008
Martin Luther King, Jr., speaking at Hillside High School - 10.15.56
Today we celebrate the work of a remarkable man, one who had that unique ability to both fight against the worst elements of society and appeal to the best. It's a quality desperately needed in the modern era of fractious and polarized discourse. While it seems commonplace to consider King's mission and legacy to begin and end with the fight against racial injustice, his fight extended to an equally insidious problem - the multiple compounding effects of entrenched, systemic poverty, and the disenfranchisement of people based on their economic status. To me, this remains a fundamental, if not the fundamental problem of human society. Unfortunately, King's efforts
on this front, culminating in the Poor People's Campaign of 1968, were unable to be sustained after his assassination on April 4, 1968, which touched off protests and property damage around the country, including Durham.
Demonstration following the assassination of Dr. King in front of City Hall (now the Arts Council) April 5, 1968. Multiple fires broke out later in the evening, and a curfew was imposed on following nights.
A police officer in riot gear, standing at Corcoran and West Main, April 7, 1968.
The Poor People's Campaign continued into the summer, including the "Poor People's March" in Durham a little over 1 month after King's death, which coincided with the larger march in Washington DC of the same name.
"Poor People's March", May 16, 1968. The marchers are standing at the entrance to the DAP, with the photographer facing southeast.
Dr. King visited Durham on at least 5 occasions that I know of, the first occasion being the above visit to Hillside High School in 1956; just 10 months after Rosa Parks and before the founding of the SCLC. The second, per Dorothy Jones' "End of an Era" was a visit to St. Mark's AME church in 1958.
The most well-known visit was in February 1960, when King preached at White Rock Baptist (which will have its own dedicated page soon) and attempted, with Durham leaders, to do a sit-in at the Woolworths at West Main and Corcoran.
Rev. Douglas Moore, King, Ralph Abernathy, and two other men who I can't identify, walking west on the 100 block of West Main St., February 16, 1960.
A closer view of four of the men, same location and date.
Inside the Woolworth's. It appears that Woolworth's closed the lunch counter "in the interest of public safety" rather than allow the sit in to occur.
Later that night, King spoke at White Rock Baptist Church.
I love this picture; King preaching in White Rock Baptist, 02.16.60.
The last visit I know of to Durham by King was on November 13, 1964; he spoke at a political science convention at the Jack Tar Hotel (nee the Washington Duke.)
King speaking at the conference, November 13, 1964.
King spoke at Duke's Page Auditorium on this same day. I don't have a picture of this speech, but you can listen to audio excerpts here.
What common thread links 4 out of the 6 locations I've mentioned that King visited in Durham over a period of 8 years?
They have all been demolished (the exceptions being Duke's Page Auditorium and St. Mark's.)
Therein lies my concern - while White Rock Baptist was lost in the late 1960s to urban renewal, and the Jack Tar/Washington Duke in the mid 1970s, Woolworth's and Hillside were demolished in the 2000s.
When considered with the demolition of the Royal Ice Cream parlor, we have shown a callous disregard for the places in Durham that held the echoes of Durham's local civil rights movement - and its strong ties to the national civil rights movement. Unfortunately, we cannot place our trust in historically-Black institutions to be any better stewards of these places than anyone else. Hillside was torn down by North Carolina Central, and Royal Ice Cream by Union Missionary Baptist church.
Even now, North Carolina Central continues to push to demolish the Alex Rivera house, across Fayetteville St. from the campus. The well-known civil rights photographer and one-time photographer for the Nixon administration lived in the house while at NCCU. The house is in a local historic district, and thus they must come before the Historic Preservation Commission to have it torn down, but we haven't demanded that our political leaders arm the HPC with the power to prevent demolition of any structure in Durham.
The cavalier attitude that Durham has towards its history - at least when it comes to substantive policy and action rather than just lip service - continues to baffle me. Do we really find this all so unimportant? This history doesn't exist in the abstract - it happened here. Would it not be of value to someone growing up in Durham to know that he/she is standing in the same spot Dr. King stood? Are parking lots and apartments and vacant lots and highways really that much more valuable?
Saturday, January 19, 2008
It is disappointing, to say the least, that a group of advocates from various neighborhoods in eastern Durham have come out in support of the Alston Avenue widening as designed by NCDOT.
Unfortunately, in the us vs. them paradigm fostered by Mayor Bell in his "pulling money out of East Durham" language, what gets lost is the desire for a compromise solution for the road - in which the road is widened, but without some of the more damaging aspects for bicycle and pedestrian travel in the neighborhood.
I was extremely disappointed in Rev. Whitley's statement, as reported in the Herald that, because the road is dangerous for pedestrians right now, what difference does it make if the widening keeps it dangerous for pedestrians? Rev. Whitley and I differ on many points about East Durham - most notably the push to demolish historic houses; I respect his effort and advocacy, but I could not disagree more strongly with the idea that pedestrians should remain second class citizens when public money is put into road infrastructure change.
I hope the city council recognizes that there is no monolithic voice for eastern Durham; it needs to be sure that the voices of folks who live on Holloway, Taylor, Wall, Morning Glory, etc. - the people whose route to the park and the school, or to downtown, will be compromised - are heard. The most unfortunate aspect of the "North-East-Central Durham" frankenstein is that some people are assumed to speak for a vast area when they assume the us-vs-them posture, when they live no closer to Alston Avenue than folks living in Baldwin Lofts. Cleveland-Holloway is different than Morning Glory, which is different than Albright, which is different than East Durham, which is different than East End - etc., etc. Opinions differ.
But really, dividing the people of Durham on this issue is all so unnecessary; I'm convinced we can have our cake and eat it too if we just push hard enough on NCDOT. NCDOT has invested a lot of time and effort into the plans to widen this road - do you really think they want to walk away from it? The question is, when they draw a hard line, do we blink? NCDOT always assumes that it will get people to blink, because it is dangling the money out there. We shouldn't underestimate ourselves.
Lastly, I find it curious that many of the same people who are now supporting the widening of Alston Avenue are now also against the East End Connector. People making claims of the positive economic impact of widening Alston Avenue are making a highly dubious claim, in my opinion - roads don't focus economic benefit unless there is exisiting economic growth in the area; nor do roads that don't go anywhere provide much economic - or traffic - benefit. Widening Alston from the Freeway to Holloway isn't going to entice someone to suddenly invest in the neighborhood. Unless the folks advocating for it are suggesting we cut a thoroughfare north through all the neighborhoods between Holloway and I-85 - ?
But doesn't that sound a lot like the East End Connector, only in the middle of neighborhood rather than on the fringes of town?
In the end, this has, unfortunately, become about money rather than the product. When people speaking at the PAC 1 meeting compare the benefit of a wide Alston Avenue to both 1) Cary - and their economic success and 2) Ninth Street - and its economic success, there is obviously a massive disconnect. And when it becomes an economic issue, it becomes a racial issue, and whether or not to add right turn lanes to intersections becomes about historic injustice. Sigh. The tenor of the PAC 1 meeting was certainly about that.
What I see in this are the exact same forces that made urban renewal possible - those that saw the massive expenditure for their area rather than the final product. As anyone who knows me or has read this website knows, I am an ardent proponent of investment in eastern Durham - everything from the parts just east of Roxboro, to Alston Ave., to Angier + Driver, out to Highway 70 and the East End Connector. This is just a bad plan, and not one that the city should endorse out of a misguided attempt at fairness or equity. Spend the money in East Durham - spend more money in East Durham, in fact, on economic development - through jobs, incentives for companies, parks, schools, crime prevention, sidewalks, greenways, and, yes, good roads. Let's just do it right. NCDOT is the problem here, not each other.
Friday, January 18, 2008
Greystone was built in 1911 for James Stagg. Norman Underwood was the contractor and CC Hook the architect; it's no surprise that this house strongly resembled B.N. Duke's Four Acres, built 5 blocks away by the same team during the same year, although it was smaller of the two.
I was writing figuratively when I wrote earlier in the week that the Durham gentry was somewhat inbred. However, Stagg's father was a nephew of Washington Duke (his mother was Bartlett Durham's sister) and Stagg married Mary Washington Lyon, a grandaughter of Washington Duke.
Stagg was 'executive secretary' to BN Duke for many years, as well as vice-president of the Durham and Southern Railway, a director of the Erwin Cotton Mills, Pearl Cotton, Mill, Fidelity Bank, and Union Station Company. Along with BN Duke, the Staggs lived in New York for a period before settling back in Durham. Stagg died in 1915, and therefore was unable to enjoy his chateau-style manse for very long.
Mrs. Stagg, like several of the Durham gentry, had a 'country home' in northern Durham County, built during the depression - Spruce Pine Lodge. Mrs. Stagg lived in Greystone with her children until 1945. Stagg's daughter Mary Stagg Nicholson lived in the house until 1961, when it was converted into apartments and offices.
For some reason, this type of adaptive reuse simply did not seem to be a priority for the city or the residents of Durham. Fortunately, it worked to preserve the house in this particular case.
Greystone, late 1970s.
The house was restored in 1998 by the Brame family into a reception hall and inn. They also own most of the remainder of this block, which is sadly empty. Greystone is, in my opinion, the most impressive once-single-family-dwelling remaining in Durham.
Looking northeast from Vickers and Morehead, 01.01.08.
Thursday, January 17, 2008
512 Morehead Ave., 1895.
(Courtesy Duke Archives)
As the remainder of Morehead Hill developed in the 1880s and 1890s, multiple large houses were built on the larger lots along Morehead Ave. and Vickers Ave. The house of SF Tomlinson, above is one example; after 1872, Tomlinsom was one owner of Durham's original tobacco companies, the RF Morris tobacco company, located here. Tomlinson's name appears with all of the other usual suspects in endeavors like the Fidelity Bank and serving as an original school commissioner.
Four large Victorian frame houses lined the 500 block of Morehead St., along with Greystone, which I'll discuss in a separate post.
Looking east on Morehead from just east of Vickers Ave., 1910s
(Courtesy John Schelp)
Aerial of the block, 1959, showing the 4 houses on the north side of Morehead.
This houses were torn down - most by 1972; it appears that the lots were used for parking, probably overflow parking for Blue Cross Blue Shield. They now serve as overflow parking for Greystone next door.
Looking east on Morehead Ave., 01.01.08
Aerial of the same area as 1959 in 2007.
Wednesday, January 16, 2008
As detailed in other posts, Eugene Morehead and George Watts were pioneers in the area that would become Morehead Hill when they built their houses on the western side of Lee (later Duke) St. in 1880. As the activity in the neighborhood increased, WT Blackwell sought to purchase the land on the eastern side of Duke St., directly across from their houses, to build worker housing for employees of Blackwell's Durham Tobacco Co. Evidently this was too close to the common folk for Watts, who purchased the land to avert this sale.
(Courtesy Duke Archives)
The George Watts house, picutred above in its original location, was originally built by George W. Watts in 1890, at the northwest corner of Lee St. (now South Duke) and Proctor St.
In the late 1890s, George Watts moved his original house across the street, to the northeast corner of Proctor and S. Duke, in order to make way for his larger mansion, Harwood Hall. The house was renovated and used by John Sprunt Hill and his wife Annie when they returned to Durham from New York in 1903, before they built their own house in 1911.
On the southeast corner of Morehead Ave. and S. Duke, George Lyon, a grandson of Washington Duke, built a stone and frame house. Lyon owned the first car in Durham, and also was a champion marksman, representing the US in the 1912 Stockholm Olympics in trap shooting. Lyon was married to Snowden Carr, the daughter of LA Carr - who lived one block to the south. Lyon, unfortunately, died of tuberculosis in 1916 at age 35, and the house was subsequently owned by his brother, J.B. Lyon.
The use of the old George Watts house from 1911 to 1937 is unknown, but it evidently stayed in the family.
By the 1930s George Watts Hill, Sr., and his wife Ann and were disappointed by the quality of the education George Watts Hill, Jr. was receiving at Morehead Hill Elementary - per Watts Hill, Sr., the only thing his son had learned to do at Morehead Elementary "[was] to 'cuss'."
Ann Hill's family was replete with teachers, and she tapped their information for another solution. This pointed her towards the Calvert School of Baltimore, which had been founded by an educator named Virgil Mores Hillyer. Hillyer had designed a homeschooling program for children of parents living outside of the county, and thus without access to US schools. He had produced an entire curriculum, including books and supplies.
In the summer of 1933, Ann Hill and the mothers of six other children arranged for the use of the Forest Hills clubhouse, which had bought by her father-in-law along with the old golf course 3 years prior, for the school, which they called the Calvert Method School. They began with a single teacher and slowly grew. By 1937, they had outgrown the Forest Hills Clubhouse with 19 students; George and Ann Watts arranged for the school to take over the old George Watts house at 815 S. Duke; Watts Hill set up a $15,000 mortgage for the school through Durham Bank and Trust and paid for a $9000 renovation of the house.
The school had grown to 210 students by 1950 and 16 teachers.
Looking southeast, 1950.
The Calvert School in 1960, looking northeast from Proctor and S. Duke.
The school purchased the Lyon house (also known as the Williams house) in 1957, and constructed a modern kindergarten building between the two structures.
Williams House, 1960.
Modern kindergarten building, 1960.
Kids playing in the playground behind the buildings, overlooking Willard St. and American Tobacco, ~early 1960s.
Aerial photo of the whole complex, 1959.
In 1967, the school moved out to 751 (the eponymous Academy Rd.) and expanded to a high school, changing its name to Durham Academy. These houses / buildings were abandoned.
The old Watts house, abandoned, early 1970s.
Interior shot, early 1970s.
Interior shot, early 1970s.
Below, the only picture I have of the old Lyon house at 803 S. Duke St., also abandoned.
Looking east from S. Duke St.
These houses were demolished by Durham in the mid-1970s to construct public housing - the JJ Henderson towers.
Under construction, July 1976.
Under construction, July 1976.
I posted my feelings about high-rise public housing for elderly and disabled awhile ago when there was a fire in this structure, here. Namely, I think it is a bad thing - disempowering of both groups. I wish I would see folks who live in this building be able to make it one long block down the hill to American Tobacco, which seems a much more convivial environment than this stark grey slab.
Looking northeast from Proctor and S. Duke - site of the old George Watts home / Durham Acadmey, 01.01.08
Looking southeast from S. Duke and Morehead Ave., site of the old George Lyon house, 01.01.08.